Sáng kiến kinh nghiệm Một số hoạt động dạy và học Tiếng Anh hiệu quả đối với học sinh lớp 11 trường THPT 19-5

CHƯƠNG I

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1. Cơ sở lý luận

 Theo phương pháp dạy và học truyền thống, giáo viên là trung tâm. Quá trình dạy là quá trình truyền tải tri thức từ người dạy sang người học. Theo phương pháp mới, dạy học theo hướng tích cực, nghĩa là: giờ học là sự phối hợp hành động của người dạy và người học. Người dạy có nhiệm vụ đưa ra các tình huống có vấn đề, chỉ dẫn cho học sinh các công cụ để giải quyết vấn đề. Giáo viên là người tư vấn. Chính vì vậy, người học có vai trò tích cực hơn trong hoạt động dạy và học.

 

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.away.(line 5-7.p4)
4. AFTER YOU READ
Instruction: Talk about your hobby
T gets Ss to work in pair to do the role play
1. What is your hobby? 
2. How often do you..?
3. Where do you usually...? 
4. When do you usually..........?
5. Why do you enjoy..?
T calls on some Ss to report their ideas to the class.
T gives feedback.
5. WRAPPING
- T summarises the main points of the lesson.
 - T asks Ss to learn by heart all of the new words and do the extra activity as homework. 
5 mins
7 mins
7 mins
8
mins
8
mins
7 mins
3 mins
Group work
Pair work & whole class
Answer the questions
Read the new words
Do the task
Choose the best answer
Answers:
 1. indulge in 2. accomplished 3. avid 
4. modest 5. keep me occupied 
6. discarded 7. accompanying
Check with the key
Work individually then in pairs
Answer questions by written
Work in pairs
2 Sts report
Copy and do at home
V. Evaluation:
Unit 15: SPACE CONQUEST
 Period 1: READING (1)
I. Objectives
By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to:
Develop such reading micro – skills as scanning for specific ideas and skimming for general information.
Use the information they have read to discuss the topic.
Know more about Russian Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first humman to fly tinto space
Know some new words
II. Materials: Textbook., handouts
III. Teaching method: mainly communicative approach
IV. Procedure 
Teacher’s activities
Time
 Student’s activities
1. WARM – UP : play a game
T has Sts to see a clip and asks some questions:
1.What can you see in the pictures?
2.What do you call a person who flies a plane /a spaceship?
3. Which job do you prefer? Why do you like it?
-T asks Ss to work in groups in 3’ and asks them to give the answer
Answer:
1. Plane/ spacecraft (spaceship).
2. Pham Tuan
3. Want to travel everywhere/want to go to the moon/fly into the space.
2. BEFORE YOU READ
T asks the whole class to look at the pictures in the book and asks them to match them with the descriptions.
 Suggested answers:
The first Vietnamese astronaut.-picture 1
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin.-picture 2
The orbit and a satellite.-picture 3
 Pre-teaching vocabulary
Asks the students to read the new words in unit 15 ,
explain the meaning and the way of using them;
Weightlessness = Gravity is zero
1. Flight = noun of fly
2. Uncertainty = not certainty
3. Attract = 
4. Rename 
5. Gravity
6. Honour
7. Impossible = not possible
8. Last
9. Cosmonaut (n)= Russian astronaut
T guides Ss to practise reading them in chorus ,individually
If there is some time left, T may ask some Ss to make sentences with the above words to check their understanding.
T: you are going to read about Yuri Gagarin, the first human to fly into space.
3. WHILE YOU READ.
TASK 1
Instruction: Read the text and match the heading with the paragraphs.
The T instructs Ss to read through the sentences 
T asks Ss to work individually and exchange their answers with other Ss.
T moves around and give help if necessary
T asks Ss for their answers and gives the correct
 Answers:
 Paragraph 1-B Paragraph 2-D Paragraph 3- E 
 Paragraph 4-C Paragraph 5-A 
5. WRAPPING
T summarises the main points of the lesson.
- T asks Ss to learn by heart all of the new words and do the extra activity as homework. 
8 mins
7 mins
10 mins
7 mins
10 mins
3 mins
Pair work & whole class
Answer the questions
Pay attention
- Take note
Read the new words
Listen
- Read the passage
Do the task
Choose the best answer
Check with the key
Copy and do at home
V. Evaluation:
Unit 15 : SPACE CONQUEST
Period 2: SPEAKING
I. Objectives
By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to:
Talk about historical events in the space conquest.
Ask and answer question on the given information.
II. Materials: Textbook, pictures, handouts.
III. Teaching method: mainly communicative approach
IV. Procedure 
Teacher’s activities
Time
Student’s activities
1.WARM – UP: 
T gives some pictures of famous astronauts asks Ss to look at them and answer questions;
1. Who are they?
2. What are their nationalities?
Ss work in pairs and report to the class
Answers:
1. He’s Pham Tuan-Vietnamese astronaut /Yuri Gagarin-Russian cosmonaut /
Armstrong-American astronaut /Buzz Aldrin-American astronaut /Valentina –Russian astronaut/ Liwei-Chinese astronaut.
- T presents the new lesson.
2. WHILE YOU SPEAK
Task 1.
Instruction: Read the following piece of news, then ask and answer the questions :
- T asks Ss to works and in pairs 
- T calls some Ss to read the questions and answers :
Answer:
1. When did China launch its first manned spacecraft into space?
-On October 15, 2003.
2. What is the name of China’s first manned spacecraft?
-Shenzhou 5.
3. What is the name of the astronaut? –Yang Liwei.
4. How old was he when he flew into space? -38 years old.
5. How important was the successful flight to China? 
–The successful flight make........project.
6. How many countries......? What are they? -Three.....They are.....
T encourages Ss to speak and asks them to explain their choices.
TASK 2
 Instruction: Make questions and answer about the important events in space conquest, using the suggestions from task 1 
T asks to work in pairs then asks some Ss to report their answers to the class.
T explains the meaning of some new words
 Setting model:
A: When did Russia’s first artificial satellite?
B:On October 4,1957.
A: What is the name.................satellite?
B: Sputnik
T checks some pairs and correct their mistakes.
3. AFTER SPEAKING
T asks Ss to talk about the important events in the space conquest.
Ss discuss in groups in 3 minutes and then some of them report to the class.
T correct the mistakes and gives marks.
4. WRAPPING
T summarizes the main points of the lesson.
T asks Ss to practice talking and writing a short paragraph about the one important event in space conquest. 
7 mins
10 mins
10 mins
15 mins
3 mins
Pair work
Give the answers
Read the sentences, report the answers
Work in pairs and then give the answers
Speak out
Practise the dialogue & make similar dialogues
Work in groups
The whole class
Evaluation:....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Unit 15: SPACE CONQUEST
Period 3: LISTENING
I. Objectives
By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to:
	- Develop such listening micro – skills as intensive listening for specific information and talking notes while listening.
	- Know more about the first human moon landing
	- Know more new words
II. Materials: Textbook, cassette tapes, handouts
III. Teaching method: mainly communicative approach
IV. Procedure 
Teacher’s activities
Time
Student’s activities
1. WARM – UP
T puts Ss in groups , asks them to answer questions :
1. Can you name the first men to set foot on the moon?
2. What are their nationalities?
3. When did they set foot on the moon?
- After 3 minutes, the team with more points will be the winner.
Answer:
1. They are Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.
2. They are American.
3. On July 20, 1969. 
2. BEFORE YOU LISTEN
T asks Ss to match the pictures with the captions (172)
+ Picture a-2 .The Apollo crew. 
+ Picture b– 5.The first foot print on the Moon.
+ picture c-3.Walking on the Moon 
+ Picture d-1.Orbiting.
+ picture e-4.the moon landing
 Vocabulary Pre-teaching
T helps Ss to pronounce the words given in the book. T may read aloud first or play the tape and ask Ss to repeat in chorus and individually.
- T elicits / Pre-teaches some of these words and those taken from the listening passage: 
+challenge (v) dare sb to do sth 
+spacesuit (n) special suit for space traveller
+mission (n) 
+reminder(n) sth that reminds 
+NASA =National Aeronautics and Space Administration
+experiment (vn) with St
+achievement (n)
+control (v) (remote control)
+launch (v) /lon ts/ phong len
+spacecraft (n) phi thuyen
T may get Ss to make sentences with the words and give corrective feedback
T sets the scene: Now you are going to listen to a passage about the first human moon landing. 
3. WHILE YOU LISTEN
TASK 1
Instruction: Listen and decide if the following statements are true or false.
T instructs Ss how to do this kind of exercise.
T plays the tape once for Ss to do the task 1 after asking them to read the questions in it.
T plays the tape the second time for Ss to check their answers.
T asks Ss to work in groups of 4 to compare their answers.
T checks Ss’ answers by calling on some Ss. If many Ss cannot complete the sentences, T plays the tape one or two more times 
- T gives the correct answers:
1. F (He challenged the nation to put a man on the moon)
2. F(There were three astronauts)
3. F (Neil Armstrong was the first to land on the moon; next is Buzz Aldrin)
4. F (The spacesuit had a portable life support system)
5. T
TASK 2
Instruction: You are going to listen to the tape again and answer the questions. 
T asks SS to read through the questions and underline the keywords.
T plays the tape again for Ss to do the task.
T gets Ss to work in the pairs and check their answers.
T calls on some Ss to give the answers and elicits feedback from other Ss.
Suggested answers:
1.NASA’s Apollo programme.
2.On July 16,1969
3.For controlling the oxygen, temperature and pressure inside the spacesuit.
4.For two and a half hours.
5. They performed a variety of experiments and .......... to return to Earth.
6...................on July 24, 1969.
4. AFTER YOU LISTEN
T gets Ss to work in groups to discuss the questions in the book , using the information in tasks
T calls on some Ss to present their answers
T elicits feedback from the class and gives final comments.
 Answer:
1. I think-human beings like adventures /they want to find out possibilities of life outside the Earth. They may find some precious things there. They have trips to another planet for tourist purposes.
2. I/we would take a camera with us/me a tent and some food.
5. WRAPPING 
T summarises the main points of the lesson.
T asks Ss to learn by heart all new words and do the extra exercise as homework.
In not more than 50 words write a paragraph about the first human moon landing.
5 mins
5
Mins
8 mins
10 mins
10 mins
5 mins
2 mins
Play the game
Read the words
Discuss and answer the questions
Work in pairs to match
Read the words
Take note
- Read and practise
Listen carefully to guess the answers
Listen again to get the information to answer the questions
Check
Listen carefully to find the best answers and then report to class
Do the work
Group work
The whole class
V. Evaluation: 
Unit 15 : SPACE CONQUEST
Period 4: WRITING
I. Objectives
By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to:
 Write a biography 
II. Materials: Textbook, handouts
III. Teaching method: mainly communicative approach
IV. Procedure 
Teacher’s activities
Time
Student’s activities
1. WARM – UP : T give a picture of Neil Armstrong , asks Ss to describe it
Who is he?
Is he a Russian or an American astronaut?
Who did he set foot on the moon with?
Answers:
1.................Neil Amstrong.
2..........an American astronaut.
3............with Buzz Aldrin.
2. Preparing Ss to write 
TASK 1
T asks Ss to read the information on page 174 and put each of the headings in the box in the appropriate blank.
T explains some new words:
1. B.S (Bachelor of Science) 
2. M.S (Master of Science) 
3. Resign (v):leave job
4. To be appointed 
5. Giant (adj)=huge 
6. Leap(n)= a long 
7. Committee
8. Investigate
T asks Ss to do TASK 1 in groups. When they finish, Ss exchange their answer with another student.
T checks Ss’ answers by asking some Ss to read their answers out loud.
T elicits corrective feedback from other Ss and gives the correct answers when necessary.
3. WRITING
TASK 2: Fill in the gaps in the passage with the exact information from the chart given
T gets Ss to write the biography in 15 minutes. T may call on 2 Ss to write on the board.
T goes around to observe and offer help. 
T asks Ss to work in groups and then report to class
T asks Ss to give remark and compare with their writing.
4. FEEDBACK ON SS’ WRITINGS
T asks Ss to exchange their writing with another student for peer correction.
T goes around and collects mistakes and errors.
T collects some writings for quick feedback.
T writes Ss’ typical errors on the board and elicits self and peer correction. T provides correction only when Ss are not able to correct the errors.
Finally, T provides general comments on the biography. 
5. WRAPPING
T summarises the main points of the lesson.
For homework, T asks Ss to improve their writing, talking into consideration their friend’s and T’s suggestion and correction and do the extra exercise.
5 mins
10 mins
15 mins
12
mins
3 mins
Play game
Practice in pairs
Answer questions
Work in individually by written
 Answer:
1- date of birth 
2- place of birth 
3- known as 
4- career 
5- quote
Write the biography
Individual work
Exchange their writings
Check and correct
Find mistakes
The whole class
V. Evaluation:
Unit 16 : THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD
 Period 1: READING
I. Objectives
 By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to:
develop such reading micro – skills as scanning for specific ideas and skimming for general information.
Use the information they have read to discuss the topic.
II. Materials: Textbook, handouts
III. Teaching method: Communicative approach
IV. Procedure 
Teacher’s activities
Time
Student’s activities
1. WARM – UP : play a game
T has Sts see a video about the wonders of the world, and makes questions:
1.What are they?
2.where are they located?
T asks Ss to work in groups in 2’ and asks them to give the answer
 Answer:
Name	places
1.The Taj Mahal
2.The Great Wall
3.The Lighthouse of Alexander
4.The Hanging Garden of Babylon
5.The Temple of Diana
6.The Statue of Zeus
7.The Great Pyramid
8.The colossus of Rhodes	e. India
d. China
a. Egypt
c. Iraq
b. Greek
a. Egypt
b. Greek
b. Greek
2. BEFORE YOU READ
T asks the whole class to look at the picture in the book and asks them to discuss the questions:
Who built The Great Pyramid ?
When was it built?
Where is it located ?
How long did it take them to build it ?
Why was it built?
Pre-teaching vocabulary
Asks the students to read the new words in unit 16, explains the meaning and the way of using them:
treasures (n) 
belongings (n)
myterious
chamber
ramp
spiral
tomb
wonder
bank
protect SO/ ST from ST 
If there is some time left, T may ask some Ss to make sentences with the above words to check their understanding.
3. WHILE YOU READ.
TASK 1
Instruction: The words in the box all appear in the passage. Fill each blank with a suitable word in the box.
The T instructs Ss to read through the sentences 
T asks Ss to work individually and exchange their answers with other Ss.
T asks Ss for their answers and gives the correct
 Answers:
 1.tomb 2.wonder 3.ramp 4.chamber 5.mysterious 6.spiral 
TASK 2
Instruction: Read the text again and then answer the questions in the book. 
T asks Ss to read the part carefully to find the answer. 
T asks Ss to work individually then discuss their answers with their peers.
T calls on some Ss to write their answers on the board and ask them to explain their choices.
T gives the correct answers:
1.It is......on the west bank (line 2,3 –p4) ....2560 BC.(line 2-p1)
2.It was..................square.(line 1-2-p2)
3.Its purpose...........there.(line2,5-p2)
4.it is proposed.............blocks.(line 2,5-p3)
5.the boat is.............pyramid.(line5,7-p4)
TASK 3
 Instruction: Read the passage again and decide what the following words refer to:
T may instruct them to use some strategies to do the task:
T asks Ss to work individually , then discuss their answers with the whole class.
T gives feedback and suggested answers:
1.Who (line 4) refer to thieves
2.It.........the Great Pyramid.
3.It....The Great Pyramid.
4.Each.......block of stone.
4. AFTER YOU READ
Instruction: Discuss the question: Which of the wonders of the world do you prefer and why?
Ss work in groups 
T calls on some Ss to report their ideas to the class.
T gives feedback.
5. WRAPPING
T summarises the main points of the lesson.
T asks Ss to learn by heart all of the new words and do the extra activity as homework. 
practise talking about the G.Pof G and The G.W of C
8 mins
5 mins
5 mins
6 mins
8 mins
6 mins
5 mins
2 mins
Group work
Pair work & whole class
Answer the questions
Suggested answers:
1. Pharaoh Khufu.
2. It was built around the year 2560 BC.
3. It is located in Egypt.
4. It took them over 20 years.
5. To serve as tomb and protect burial chamber from the weather and thieves.
Take note
- Read the words
Read the new words
Do the task
Choose the best answer
Check with the key
Work individually then in pairs
Read the text to get information
Answer questions by oral
Answer questions by oral & written
individual work
Group work
Copy and do at home
V. Evaluation:
Unit 16: THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD
Period 4: WRITING
I. Objectives
By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to
Define the format and structure of a report to a place:
Write a passage to report on a man-made place.
 II. Materials
Textbook, handouts
III. Teaching method: Communicative approach
IV. Procedure 
Teacher’s activities
Time
Student’s activities
1. WARM – UP : 
T give some pictures, asks Ss to describe it
1.Where do you often spend your summer vacation?
2.Why do you often go there?
3. Look at the pictures, name some beautiful places in the world and the places where they are located.
 Answers: 
1-2 individual
3.the One Pillar Pagoda.(in Hanoi) / Thien Mu Pagoda.(in Hue) / Non Nuoc Pogoda.(in Da Nang) /Ponagar Cham Towers 9in Nha Trang)
2. Preparing to write
You are going to write a report on a visit to the Ponagar Cham Towers in Nha Trang.
T asks Ss to read the information from the book .
T explains some new words:
+be dedicated to 
+ sandstone (n) 
+throne (n)
+Use the past simple and present simple tenses and the passive voice 
3.WRITING 
T asks Ss to discuss in groups. When they finish, Ss exchange their answer with another student.
T checks Ss’ answers by asking some Ss to read their answers out loud.
T elicits corrective feedback from other Ss and gives the correct answers when necessary.
T gets Ss to write it in 15 minutes.
T goes around to observe and offer help. 
Answer:
Last year I .................
The tower complex is one.......................
They consist of.................................
They are located...............................
They were built...................................
The tour..................lasted..............
4. FEEDBACK ON SS’ WRITINGS
T asks Ss to exchange their writing with another student for peer correction.
T goes around and collects mistakes and errors.
T collects some writings for quick feedback.
T writes Ss’ typical errors on the board and elicits self and peer correction. T provides correction only when Ss are not able to correct the errors.
Finally, T provides general comments on the letter.
5. WRAPPING
T summarises the main points of the lesson.
For homework, T asks Ss to improve their writing, talking into consideration their friend’s and T’s suggestion and correction and do the extra exercise.
6 mins
10 mins
15 mins
12 mins
2 mins
Play game
Practice in pairs
Answer questions
Pay attention
Take note
Discuss
Write the passage
Work in individually by written
Exchange their writing
Find mistakes
Correct mistakes
The whole class
V. Evaluation:

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